N = 3 kg/ton ; K = 4 kg/ton ; P < 0.2 kg/ton
N = 3 kg/ton ; K = 4 kg/ton ; P < 0.2 kg/ton
It works with a motor of 0.25 kW, so the cost is only < 1 EUR/pig place/ year. The energy consumption of air scrubbers is a lot more.
When there is manure separation at the source, the amount of damage in case of fire will normally be less because there is no central exhaust duct. In the case of a central exhaust duct – which is necessary for air scrubbers – the fire can spread more easily.
The price is varying between 0 and 12 EUR + 5 EUR transport costs. So the worst case scenario is 17 EUR; the best case scenario is 5 EUR. The difference with other countries like The Netherlands and France is because the business model of biogas installations is different.
Only animal bones containing large amount of phosphorus and that is because both bones and mined mineral phosphates are apatite minerals. On this Planet Earth the apatite mineral is the only original source of phosphorus.
Before July 15, 2022, MS national Authorities only, after July 16, 2022 national Authority permit or EU EC fertilizer permit can be selected.
For a high quality BioPhosphate product with proper application no any risks recognized.
a) Contaminants: if the feedstock contains potentially toxic elements (in particular heavy metals) they will be retained during thermochemical conversion, hence will remain in the ash contained in the biochar. During conversion, organic compounds called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be generated. Some PAHs, such as benzo(a)pyrene, are carcinogenic and their content in food substances is strictly regulated. Care must be taken in the feedstock selection and in the operation of the thermochemical conversion to ensure that the risks to the environment and human health are properly assessed and managed.
b) Damage to soils: Shifting large amounts of biochar onto fields could cause soil compaction, but the land-owner or tenant will limit this risk.
c) A possible ‘priming effect’: An accelerated decomposition of soil organic matter from the introduction of biochar has been observed, that is a significant environmental and climate risk.
d) Feedstock availability and-use impacts: It has been claimed by some environmental organisations that biochar would encourage plantations with deleterious environmental and social impacts.
Biochar addition to soils has been shown to improve crop yields. In more fertile soils, or in soils that receive high levels of external inputs, and are not liable to water-stress, the corresponding impacts of biochar on agronomic performance is modest.
200 kg/ha to 1500/ha.
5 t/ha to 20 t/ha.
No, plant based biochar is carbon based and does not containing economically interesting nutrient content. This is for soil improver.
The key product benefits: produced from renewable agricultural resources, provides organic matter to soil, no water pollution risk due to slow release of nutrients, fully organic certified, safe to use – very low contaminant loads.
The key product benefits: produced fully from renewable materials - selectively collected green waste; supplies soil with organic matter and nutrients; improves soil water retention and soil structure; low cost, applicable for a wide range of crops and uses; safe to use – slow release, low contaminants and pathogen free.
You can handle the struvite using a normal fertilizer spreader paying attention not tu apply the fertilizer windy days. There are also kind of struvite combined with organic fertilizer in order to be a more suitable fertilizer in terms of nutients and in order to be easier to apply.
Although the water-soluble portion of the nutrients is low, the fertilizing effect of struvite has been determined in tests to be as good as mineral P-fertilizers. Struvite meets nutritional demands of crops in a better way and prevents the burning of plant roots, even when applied in excess quantities. Struvite guarantees a slow but steady nutrient supply and reduces nutrients runoff.
Struvite has low water solubility, which gives it slow-release fertiliser properties and prevents leaching and eutrophication.
Concerning the BioPhosphate the TRL9 full industrial production installation is under organization and will be set up in 2021 through 2022. The 3R industrial technology and product commercial applications are already MS Authority permitted, and after inclusion as EU 2019/1009 CMC14 pyroylsis material in 2021 will EU legalised from July 16, 2022 as well. The BioPhosphate product is already organic listed by Organic Farming Certification associations as well. REACH certification is under progress. By the end of next year the BioPhosphate products are planned to be launched on the market, for which Italy and Germany are primarily targeted.
The Stuvite will be launched on the market when the MS legislation will stop to consider it as a waste.
No. As far as we know the innovative 3R deep-tech, advanced innovative solution and key enabling technology to make ABC Animal Bone Char - BioPhosphate is the only one on the international market, which is offering comprehensive solution under market competitive conditions. The bone char industrial products are known since 1870, for which the large multinational company Tate & Lyle has been the main producer. However, the environmental Authorities stopped that outdated technology and production in 2001. In 2002 the 3R-BioPhosphate Ltd. (based on the revolutionary inventions of Edward Someus) received an RTD project development mandate from the EU Commission, with very clear goal to develop a new generation and modern bone char processing technology to recover phosphorus products and green energy. Past decade several progressive deep-tech RTD actions made with progressive results towards higher and higher TRL Technology Readiness Levels. The successful science, technology and industrial results developed specialization on new generation and advanced bone char processing and applications, which meet all new industrial and environmental norms and standards in the EU, UK, USA, Australia and Japan.
Manufacturing of high quality ABC Animal Bone Char - BioPhosphate require much higher technology performance level than to make plant based biochar, as the animal bone materials containing complex protein based organics, while plant materials short chain organics only. The ABC material protein character of the bone is such that it requires 850 Celsius material core processing temperature to remove all volatiles and tars from the material inside, while at plant based biochar the 450 Celsius material core processing temperature is sufficient. During all types of thermal processing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAH's are formed which must be full removed from the material. Although the EU defined PAH16 limit 6 mg/kg in general, but some Member States defined PAH19 limit 1 mg/kg already since 2005, especially when such products are applied in environmentally sensitive areas with connection to subsurface water base. All in order to make a fully safe BioPhosphate product under any conditions, the 3R technology is implementing PAH19 limit <1 mg/kg in all it’s product cases, that quality under industrial production conditions can only be reached with 850Celsius material core temperature processing only.
The product is not soluble in water but is good in citric acid. The P release takes place sustainably, the product is therefore not endangered by leaching but good plant available.
The good P effect – comparable to mineral fertilizers - has been proven in container and field tests.
Yes, struvites are permitted as P fertilizers within the scope of derogations. In the Netherlands they are also sold with a name like ‘derogation fysiostart’.
If you apply it early in the year it does not and with a third of water added all NH3 is bound.
It contains ca 7,5 kg K2O per tonne. This gives 75 kg K2O per ha which is necessary for good crop growth as a supplement to slurry.
At the time of sowing the crop, approximately at the same time as the basic fertilizer. The quantity is between 5 and 10 tonnes per ha.
Due to the reduction of sulphur deposition from the air, the sulphate is a welcome addition to a total fertilisation.
The nitrate can be quickly absorbed by the plant, and so the youth growth can be fully exploited.
The risk is small because ammonium does not leach out and is gradually converted into absorbable nitrate. This is dependent on temperature and thus follows crop growth nicely.
There is a limited chance of volatilisation but if you apply it early in the spring and dilute it with 25% water if necessary, this is prevented.
About 85% of the N is immediately available and the rest spread throughout the season.
Digestate biofertilizers introduce organic matter, activate microbial activity in soil and improve soil structure. For example, PLANTEO pellet is fully produced from plant biomass and using renewable energy for the production process. The fertilizer acts comprehensively and effectively due to macro and microelements and natural microbiome that stimulates plant growth. The fertilizer contains over 80% of organic substances of plant origin, improving soil quality and structure. Nutrients are released slowly therefore it is safe for the environment. Planteo does not contain hormones, antibiotics and it is produced without addition of chemicals
In principle, placing on the market is subject to the same rules with regard to requirements and labelling for fertilizers, soil additives or growing media.
According to the current status, it is planned to continue the national regulations for placing fertilizers on the market in parallel.
Mineral concentrates are a very good addition to mineral fertilizers. A combination has proven itself to cover the needs of the cultures encompassing. A large part of the mineral fertilizers can thus be replaced.
When stripping with sulfuric acid, the ratio of N: S of approx. 1:3 is not optimal; this can be improved by using nitric acid as an alternative (citric acid is also tested as an alternative) (see ID 295).
Alternative P fertilizers such as struvite (see ID 208, ID 250, ID 251 or ID 293) are not soluble in water they are slowly released in the soil. This means that they are not so strongly set in the soil or washed out. Organic P compounds could also be of interest because, unlike mineral compounds, they first have to be mineralized.
The separation can help make the products more transportable. Ultimately, it is also a question of cost whether the substances in their original form or processed will find better access to the market.
The process water contains large amounts of potassium. The process water is not treated any further in the basic system. A separation could take place by a subsequent precipitation (potassium-magnesium-phosphate precipitation). Alternatively, the process water can be recycled in the biogas plant or used as a nutrient carrier/irrigation water on the fields.
The nutrient contents for the NPirriK-pellet (90% dm) of Arbio are on average 5,9% N (dm), 3% P2O5(dm), 2,5% K2O (dm), 3% CaO (dm) and 1% MgO (dm).
Dried digestate improves soil biodiversity by increasing carbon levels. Furthermore dried digestate by its high dry matter-content also guarantees an optimized storage, shelf life and transport.
The nutrient contents for the liquid digestate fraction of Agrogas are within a fork of 5,7-9,9 N% (dm), 2-3% P2O5(dm), and 15-22% K2O (dm). The nutrient contents for the dried digestate fraction of Agrogas are within a fork of 3-5 N% (dm), 4,5-7,5% P2O5(dm), 1,6-3,1% K2O (dm)
Input materials are plant biomass, fruit pomace, cereal silage.
Pellet organic fertilizer based on plant biomass digestate has the following content of basic nutrients: 1.5% N -0.2% P -0.6% K.OM content 88%.
The Kompo soil improvers supplies soil with organic matter and nutrients. Nutrients are slowly released. The product improves soil water retention and soil structure. It could be applicable for a wide range of crops. The product is available one the market.
Input materials are selectively collected biodegradable green materials–grass and leaves.
Kompo soil improvers has the following maximum content of basic nutrients: 1.5% N -0.6% P –1.5% K.OM content 31%.
PLANTEO pellet is fully produced from plant biomass and using renewable energy for the production process. The fertilizer acts comprehensively and effectively due to macro and microelements and natural microbiome that stimulates plant growth. The fertilizer contains over 80% of organic substances of plant origin, improving soil quality and structure. Nutrients are released slowly therefore it is safe for the environment. Planteo does not contain hormones, antibiotics and it is produced without addition of chemicals.
The Bio-Phosphate having macroporosus structure, increases the soil water retention capacity and allows the development of microorganisms, retain nutrients and releasing them gradually over time.
Efficiency tests in different climatic and soil conditions showed that the BioPhosphate product can improve yields by >10% compared with any fertiliser on the market.
Nowadays, struvite in Spain is classified as waste, so it cannot be marketed as a biofertiliser. Currently there are countries where due to national legislation it is already possible to use struvite as a biofertiliser (e.g. Netherlands, Belgium, UK, etc.). It is expected that thanks to the entry into force of the new European revision of the fertiliser law, it will be possible to commercialise struvite in Spain in the near future.
The crystallisation reactor operating at Fundación Cartif was designed and constructed following Ecodesign criteria and methodology. On the other hand, Fundación Cartif is currently working on several projects in which it is quantifying the Life Cycle Assessment of the process using standardised methodology.
Certify REACH for biochar for all categories (1-10 t/y, 10-100 t/y, 100-1000 t/y and above 1000 t/y) is a costly action with estimated cost €500,000 to €1 million and may take 1-2 years even more.