Circular Economy Action Plan for a cleaner and more competitive Europe


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The  new  Circular  Economy  Action  Plan  presents  new  initiatives  along  the  entire  life cycle of products in order to modernise and transform our economy while protecting the  environment. It is driven by the ambition to make sustainable products that last and to  enable our citizens to take full part in the circular economy and benefit from the positive  change that it brings about.

The  circular  economy  can  significantly  reduce  the  negative  impacts  of  resource extraction  and  use  on  the  environment  and    contribute  to  restoring  biodiversity  and natural capital in Europe. Biological resources are a key input to the economy of the EU and will play an even  more important  role in  the future. The Commission  will aim at ensuring the sustainability of renewable bio-based materials, including through actions following the Bioeconomy Strategy and Action Plan. 

While  the  food  value  chain  is  responsible  for  significant  resource  and  environmental pressures,  an  estimated  20%  of  the  total  food  produced  is  lost  or  wasted  in  the  EU.  Therefore, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals and as part of the review of Directive 2008/98/EC  referred to in section 4.1, the Commission will propose a target on  food  waste  reduction,  as  a  key  action  under  the  forthcoming  EU  Farm-to-Fork Strategy, which will address comprehensively the food value chain.  

Furthermore, the Commission will develop an Integrated Nutrient Management Plan, with  a  view  to  ensuring  more  sustainable  application  of  nutrients  and  stimulating  the markets  for  recovered  nutrients.  The  Commission  will  also  consider  reviewing directives on wastewater treatment and sewage sludge and will assess natural means of nutrient removal such as algae.

Further information:

New Circular Economy Action Plan website